De Werkgroep Ruimtevaart groepeert VVS-leden die zich interesseren in de ruimtevaart. Anderzijds proberen we op allerlei manieren over ruimtevaart te vertellen en te schrijven.

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Nieuws Uit De Ruimtevaart – Week 2019/36–456

Na de Israëlische Beresheet liep het nu ook fout met de Indische Vikram. Twee pogingen om zacht op de Maan te landen die fout afliepen. Maar deze week kwamen wel meer mislukkingen aan bod. Zoals de fout afgelopen Europese Vega-lancering, waarvan ESA en Arianespace de fout lijkt gevonden te hebben. Zoals de fout afgelopen Iraanse lancering, wat vooral in Amerika voor heibel zorgde. Zoals de bijna-botsing tussen satellieten van ESA en SpaceX. Dat en nog veel meer in het Nieuws Uit De Ruimtevaart van deze week.

Bij de foto: De lancering, de reis en de voorbereiding op de aankomst was zo goed als perfect verlopen. Maar een 2 km boven het oppervlak was het plots gedaan. Het was dan ook een heel stil moment toen K. Sivan, hoofd van het Indian Space Research Organisation, kwam melden dat de landing van Vikram fout was afgelopen.


Indische Chandrayaan-2 op de Maan. (Wellicht) Neergestort.

“This is Mission Control Centre. #VikramLander descent was as planned and normal performance was observed up to an altitude of 2.1 km. Subsequently, communication from Lander to the ground stations was lost. Data is being analyzed.” Dat was hetgeen ISRO (de Indische Organisatie voor Ruimte Onderzoek) de wereld instuurde een tijdje nadat het bij iedereen duidelijk was dat de eerste Indische poging om een sonde op de Maan te zetten fout was afgelopen. Wat volgt zijn de gebeurtenissen van deze week:

Eerder arriveerde de sonde in een baan om de Maan. De volgende stap bestond er in om eerst de baan in orde te krijgen ….
ISRO: Chandrayaan-2 update: Fifth Lunar Orbit Maneuver.
The Hindu: Chandrayaan 2 completes final lunar orbit manoeuvre, stage set for lander separation.

. . . om dan de lander af te scheiden die zich dan kon klaarmaken voor de uiteindelijke afdaling . . .
ISRO: Chandrayaan-2 update: Vikram Lander successfully separates from Orbiter.
Space News: India set for moon landing attempt after Chandrayaan-2 spacecraft separation.
SpaceCom: India's Chandrayaan-2 Moon Orbiter Releases Vikram Lunar Lander.

ISRO: Chandrayaan-2 update: First de-orbiting maneuver.
ISRO: Chandrayaan-2 update: Second de-orbiting maneuver.

. . . ondertussen neemt de spanning toe . . .
The Hindu: Modi to witness ‘Vikram’ soft-landing on moon.
The Hindu: Chandrayaan 2: Vikram on the cusp of historic lunar landing.
The Hindu: Chandrayaan 2 | A chequered story.
The Hindu: All set for soft-landing of ‘Vikram’, PM says mission manifests Indian talent.
BBC: Chandrayaan-2: The grand ambitions of India's second Moon mission.
Spaceflight Now: Indian moon lander ready for final descent.

. . . en dan de anticlimax.
The Hindu: Chandrayaan 2 updates | ISRO loses contact with Vikram lander.
The Hindu: Communications from lander ‘Vikram’ lost: ISRO.
The Hindu: India's Moon Mission Continues Despite Apparent Lander Crash.
The Planetary Society: India's Vikram Spacecraft Apparently Crash-Lands on Moon.
Spaceflight Now: India’s first attempt to land on the moon appears to end in failure.
Collect Space: India loses contact with Vikram lander on final approach to moon.
NasaSpaceFlight: ISRO lose contact with Chandrayaan-2 lander during final descent.
BBC: Chandrayaan-2: PM Modi proud despite Moon landing failure.
SpaceCom: 'We Came Very Close:' Indian Prime Minister Modi Lauds Chandrayaan-2 Team.

Ondertussen is de lander gevonden en probeert men te communiceren.NDTV: Chandrayaan 2 Lander Located On Moon's Surface, Says ISRO Chief: Report.

Filmpjes:
ISRO: Meet Vikram — Chandrayaan 2’s Lander!
ISRO: Meet Pragyan — Chandrayaan 2’s Rover!
SSERVI: Chandrayaan 2 Vikram Landing Site.
ISRO: Watch Live : Landing of Chandrayaan-2 on Lunar Surface.
ISRO: Honorable Prime Minister Shri. Narendra Modi Addressing the nation.

SciNews: Chandrayaan-2 Vikram landing on the Moon.
Video From Space: India's Lunar Lander May Have Crashed Into the Moon.

En tenslotte:
Scott Manley: What We Know About India's Failed Lunar Landing.


Geen vrouwen op eerste Indische bemande ruimtevlucht.
The Hindu: Women astronauts unlikely to be part of inaugural Gaganyaan flight.

The Hindu: Gaganyaan: Russian space suits, French medicine for Indian astronauts?
The Hindu: Russia to train four Indian astronauts for Gaganyaan

Financial Express: Gaganyaan: Why women won’t be part of India’s manned space mission? ISRO explains.
Bloomberg: India Makes Shortlist of Astronauts for First Manned Space Flight.


ESA bijna letterlijk én figuurlijk in aanvaring met SpaceX.
ESA: ESA Spacecraft dodges large constellation.
Teslarati: SpaceX reportedly refused to move Starlink satellite, provoking odd space agency tweets.

Space News: ESA spacecraft dodges potential collision with Starlink satellite.
The Verge: A bug in SpaceX’s communication system kept the company in the dark about potential satellite collision.
Aviation Week: SpaceX Beefing Up Starlink Operations After Missing ESA Warning.

VRT NWS: Na de "bijna-botsing" tussen twee satellieten: ook in de ruimte wordt het gevaarlijk druk. 
Spacepage: Botsing tussen satellieten van ESA en SpaceX nipt vermeden.

TASS: Roscosmos says space debris does not threaten ISS.

Space News: Can satellite megaconstellations be responsible users of space?


ESA maakt oorzaak mislukte Vega-lancering bekend.
ESA: Vega flight VV15: Findings of the independent inquiry commission’s investigations.
NasaSpaceFlight: Inquiry finds Vega failed after violent event during early second stage flight.
Space News: Second stage blamed as Vega targets early 2020 return to flight.


Nog eens de mislukte Iraanse lancering en de reactie van Trump.
NPR: Amateurs Identify U.S. Spy Satellite Behind President Trump's Tweet.

Parabolic Arc: U.S. Sanctions Target Iran Space Agency.
WPR: Iran’s Space Program Won’t Get Off the Ground While Under Sanctions.


Vostochny en ander Russisch ruimtevaartnieuws.
TASS: Russia's Vostochny space center construction on schedule despite heavy rains.
TASS: Putin urges to follow deadlines for Vostochny spaceport construction.
TASS: Five rockets to blast off from Vostochny cosmodrome in 2020, Rogozin tells Putin. 
TASS: Russia must be one step ahead of other countries in space exploration, says Putin.

Bloomberg: Russia’s Deputy Premier Rips New Space Center.
Bloomberg: Putin Open to Foreign Investment in Troubled Russian Spaceport.
NasaSpaceFlight: Vostochny begins work on a second launch pad set to host Angara rockets.

TASS: Prototypes of Russia’s Soyuz-5 space rocket components to be ready in 2020 — designer.
TASS: RD-180 engine to be used in medium class rocket Soyuz-6.
Sputnik News: Russian Space Agency to Test Modernized Fregat Upper Stage During Launch of Meteor Satellite in 2020.


UK – Spaceports.
Cornwall Live: Study investigates environmental impact of Spaceport Cornwall.
Aberdeen Journals: Concern raised over rising north spaceport cost.
NasaSpaceFlight: UK Spaceport at Sutherland enters public consultation phase


SpaceX – Starlink.
Teslarati: SpaceX planning four more Falcon 9-launched Starlink missions this year, permits show.
Space News: SpaceX says more Starlink orbits will speed service, reduce launch needs.


SpaceX – Starship.
Teslarati: SpaceX’s Starship, Florida Space Coast make it through Hurricane Dorian unscathed.

Teslarati: SpaceX’s first thrice-flown Cargo Dragon returns from orbit with Starship tiles intact.

Teslarati: SpaceX CEO Elon Musk teases Starship flight debut details, reveals presentation date.
Teslarati: SpaceX acquires new photos of Starship landing sites with Mars-orbiting NASA satellite.
Geek Wire: NASA checks SpaceX’s potential Starship landing sites on Mars, with water in mind.


ISS – Onbemande Soyuz MS-14 en Skybot F-850 keren naar de Aarde terug.
NASA: Flurry of Science Investigations Preface Friday’s Soyuz Departure.
NASA: Uncrewed Soyuz Undocked from Space Station.
NASA: Soyuz MS-14 Bearing Russian Cargo Safely Back on Earth.

TASS: Russia’s Soyuz MS-14 spacecraft with robot on board starts deorbiting sequence.
TASS: Russia’s Soyuz MS-14 spacecraft with robot Fedor on board lands in Kazakhstan.
TASS: Nearly all experiments involving Russia’s Fedor robot were completed — designer.

Sputnik News: Russian Humanoid Robot Fedor Announces Full Implementation of Flight Test Programme.
Spaceflight Now: Soyuz spacecraft, humanoid robot return to Earth after 16-day test flight.

De filmpjes:
NASA: Soyuz MS-14 Uncrewed Vehicle Undocking - September 6, 2019.
SciNews: Soyuz MS-14 undocking and departure.


ISS – Meer nieuws uit het ruimtestation.
ESA: Space Station Science Return and Spacecraft Shuffle.

Houston Chronicle: NanoRacks, commercial space industry march ahead with pace station airlock.

Enkele filmpjes:
NASA: SpaceCast Weekly September 6, 2019.
NASA: Space to Ground: Category 5: 09/06/2019.
JAXA: Kibo/Kounotori 10th Anniversary.


TOERISME – Een hotel in de ruimte tegen 2025?
Big Think: Space hotel with artificial gravity will be in orbit by 2025.
ExpressUK: 'World's first space hotel’: Von Braun Space Station to be ‘cruise ship in the stars’.
Travel + Leasure: The First Commercial Space Hotel Plans to Have a Low-gravity Basketball Court and Views of Earth From Bed (Video).


ARTEMIS – Gateway.
The Mainici: JAXA preparing to develop equipment for future 'Gateway' moon-orbiting space station


ARTEMIS – Naar de Maan in 2024.
NASA: NASA Science Experiments to be Delivered to Moon by Commercial Landers.

NASA: NASA Seeks Input from U.S. Industry on Artemis Lander Development.
Space News: NASA refines plans for Artemis lunar lander.

NASA: A Concrete Advantage for Space Explorers.


MAAN – PTScientists gered.
Spacewatch: German Lunar Lander Company PTScientists Successfully Sold.
Space News: PTScientists acquired, to continue lunar lander work


Nieuws uit de (inter)planetaire ruimte.

Zon:
TASS: Russia plans to launch Yarilo mission in 2020 to study the Sun.
Popular Mechanics: The Fastest Spacecraft Ever Zips Past the Sun for a Third Time.

Venus:
SpaceCom: Venus Has Wild Climate Shifts and the Secret May Be In Its Clouds.

Aarde:
NASA: Views of Hurricane Dorian from the International Space Station - September 1, 2019.
NASA: Views of Hurricane Dorian from the International Space Station - September 2, 2019.
NASA: Views of Hurricane Dorian from the International Space Station - September 3, 2019.
NASA: Views of Hurricane Dorian from the International Space Station - September 4, 2019.
NASA: Views of Hurricane Dorian from the International Space Station - September 5, 2019.
NASA: Expedition 60 Hurricane Dorian Flyover - September 6, 2019.
NASA: Kennedy Space Center and Visitor Complex Reopen After Hurricane Dorian.
Spaceflight Now: Spaceport survey finds little damage from Hurricane Dorian.
ESA: Copernicus Sentinel-6A ready for testing.
NASA: NASA's ARIA Team Maps Flooding in the Bahamas.
New China TV: China from space: Satellite images of Hubei.

Maan:
CGTN: China's lunar rover travels over 284 meters on moon's far side (filmpje).

Mars:
NASA: NASA Research Gives New Insight into How Much Atmosphere Mars Lost.
Spaceflight Now: Mini-helicopter installed on NASA’s next Mars-bound rover.
ESA: ExoMars Descent Module and Lander Platform.
NASA: Clues for Mars in the Australian Outback.

Saturnus:
NASA: 40 Years Ago: Pioneer 11 First to Explore Saturn.
GeoSpace: Making sense of Saturn’s impossible rotation.

Bennu:
OSIRIS-REx: Assorted Rocks in Northern Hemisphere.

Didymos:
ESA: Europe and US teaming up fpr asteroid deflection.


Nieuws uit de wereld van kleine satellieten en satellietconstellaties.
Via Satellite: Finding Success in the “Everything” Vertical.
Via Satellite: Say Hello to the Post-GEO World? Not so Fast.
Via Satellite: When it Comes to Antennas, it’s All About Price.

Via Satellite: UbiquitiLink Wants to Launch Satellite “Cell Towers”.
Via Satellite: Scottish Satellite IoT Startup R3-IoT Opens Doors to Investors.
Via Satellite: India, France Work to Develop Satellite Constellation.

Via Satellite: Tyvak, SWISSto12 to 3D-Print Mini-GEO Satellites.
Via Satellite: SSTL Releases Raspberry Pi Camera Image and Video.


Space Command startte op 29 augustus.
Defense News: Space Command to launch Aug. 29.
Live Science: New US Space Command Will Launch Next Week, VP Pence Says.
Air Force Times: Congressman: Space Command’s initial home will be Colorado.
Florida Today: The Space Force is one step closer to reality. What does that mean for the Space Coast?

Space News: Trump formally reestablishes U.S. Space Command at White House ceremony.
Spaceflight Now: Trump reauthorizes U.S. Space Command.
The New York Times: Trump Authorizes a Space Command. Next, He Wants a Space Force.

Global News: President Trump launches U.S. Space Command (filmpje).

Space News: Air Force changes message on Space Force amid criticism it stifled debate.
C4ISRNET: Space Command projects what it would need in a real world Star Trek.

C4ISRNET: When it comes to space, the Army is focused on the ground.
C4ISRNET: Who will control intel satellites during a battle in space?
Military Times: The US is unprepared for space cyberwarfare.

The Space Review: Macron’s Space Force: Why now?

Video From Space: Is Space a War-Fighting Domain? Trump & Pence Think So.


Ook dat nog: Rusland “bekijkt” andere satellieten.
C4ISRNET: Russian satellite creeps up to Intelsat satellite – again.
TASS: US spots maneuvers of Russian military satellite.
Advanced Television: Russian ‘spy’ satellite sidles up to Intelsat.

Wired: How America's Spooks Seek to Spy on Distant Satellites.


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